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Echocardiography Tutorial
What is Echocardiography? Basics of Ultrasound Echocardiographic Modes Mitral Valve Aortic Valve Other Valve Images Echocardiography Exam Views and Models

The mitral valve lies between the left atrium and the left ventricle and has two leaflets, the anterior and the posterior. In the figures below, the anterior leaflet is colored green and the posterior leaflet is colored blue. The corresponding video clips show the motion of the valve through the cardiac cycle, but the leaflets are not colored. The images in the left column show the mitral valve directly visualized from the left ventricle, where the chordae tendinae of the subvalvular apparatus can be appreciated. The middle images are taken using transthoracic echocardiography in a 2 chamber, long axis view of the mitral valve. The images on the right are taken of the anterior and posterior leaflets in a short axis view of the heart taken at the level of the mitral valve annulus using transthoracic echocardiography. Applications such as color flow echocardiography allow for the visualization of flow through the mitral valve. Other anatomical features of the mitral valve that can be visualized using echocardiography are the papillary muscles and the chordae tendinae of the subvalvular apparatus.

  Mitral Valve

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