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External Anatomy Atria Ventricles Coronary Vasculature Valves Conduction System References
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  2. Hearse DJ, Sutherland FJ. Experimental models for the study of cardiovascular function and disease. Pharmacol Res 2000;41:597-603.
  3. Michaelsson M, Ho SY. Congenital heart malformations in mammals: An illustrated text. London, UK; River Edge, NJ:Imperial College Press, 2000.
  4. Hughes HC. Swine in cardiovascular research. Lab Anim Sci 1986;36:348-50.
  5. Holt JP, Rhode EA, Kines H. Ventricular volumes and body weight in mammals. Am J Physiol 1968;215:704-15.
  6. Lee JC, Taylor FN, Downing SE. A comparison of ventricular weights and geometry in newborn, young, and adult mammals. J Appl Physiol 1975;38:147-50.
  7. Hurst JW. Atlas of the heart. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill:Gower Medical Pub, 1988.
  8. Crick SJ, Sheppard MN, Ho SY, et al. Anatomy of the pig heart: Comparisons with normal human cardiac structure.J Anat 1998;193:105-19.
  9. Evans HE. The heart and arteries. In: Miller ME, Evans HE, eds. Miller's anatomy of the dog. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA:Saunders, 1993:586-602.
  10. MontagnaW.Comparative anatomy.New York,NY:Wiley, 1959.
  11. Kent GC, Carr RK. Comparative anatomy of the vertebrates. 9th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw Hill, 2001.
  12. Netter FH, Ciba Pharmaceutical Company. Medical Education Division. Heart. West Caldwell, NJ: The Division, 1979.
  13. Ruengsakulrach P, Buxton BF. Anatomic and hemodynamic considerations influencing the efficiency of retrograde cardioplegia. Ann Thorac Surg 2001;71:1389-95.
  14. Gregg D, Shipley R. Studies of the venous drainage of the heart. Am J Physiol 1947;151:13-25.
  15. Ansari A. Anatomy and clinical significance of ventricular Thebesian veins. Clin Anat 2001;14:102-10.
  16. Pina JAE, Correia M, O'Neill JG. Morphological study on the Thebesian veins of the right cavities of the heart in the dog. Acta Anat 1975;92:310-20.
  17. Anderson RH, Becker AE. The heart: Structure in health and disease. London, UK; New York, NY: Gower Medical Pub, 1992.
  18. Weaver ME, Pantely GA, Bristow JD, et al. A quantitative study of the anatomy and distribution of coronary arteries in swine in comparison with other animals and man. Cardiovasc Res 1986;20:907-17.
  19. Hearse DJ. The elusive coypu: The importance of collateral flow and the search for an alternative to the dog. Cardiovasc Res 2000;45:215-9.
  20. Kloner RA, Ganote CE, Reimer KA, et al. Distribution of coronary arterial flow in acute myocardial ischemia. Arch Pathol 1975;99:86-94.
  21. Koke JR, Bittar N. Functional role of collateral flow in the ischaemic dog heart. Cardiovasc Res 1978;12:309-15.
  22. Redding VJ, Rees JR. Early changes in collateral flow following coronary artery ligation: The role of the sympathetic nervous system. Cardiovasc Res 1968;2:219-25.
  23. Weisse AB, Kearney K, Narang RM, et al. Comparison of the coronary collateral circulation in dogs and baboons after coronary occlusion. Am Heart J 1976;92:193-200.
  24. Schaper W, Flameng W, De Brabander M. Comparative aspects of coronary collateral circulation. Adv Exp Med Biol 1972;22:267-76.
  25. Walmsley R. Anatomy of human mitral valve in adult cadaver and comparative anatomy of the valve. Br Heart J 1978;40:351-66.
  26. Sands MP, Rittenhouse EA, Mohri H, et al. An anatomical comparison of human pig, calf, and sheep aortic valves. Ann Thorac Surg 1969;8:407-14.
  27. Anderson RH, Becker AE, Brechenmacher C, et al. The human atrioventricular junctional area. A morphological study of the A-V node and bundle. Eur J Cardiol 1975;3:11-25.
  28. Bharati S, Levine M, Huang SK, et al. The conduction system of the swine heart. Chest 1991;100:207-12.
  29. Frink RJ, Merrick B. The sheep heart: Coronary and conduction system anatomy with special reference to the presence of an os cordis. Anat Rec 1974;179:189-200.
  30. Ho SY, Kilpatrick L, Kanai T, et al. The architecture of the atrioventricular conduction axis in dog compared to man: Its significance to ablation of the atrioventricular nodal approaches. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 1995;6:26-39.
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